Finance and Economics

DSCR Loan: How to Buy Rental Property without Income on Papers

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Introduction to DSCR Loan

Firstly, let’s understand What is DSCR Loan?

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DSCR Loan (Debt Service Coverage Ratio) is a no-income mortgage plan. By using this plan, you may qualify for a home mortgage without using the tax statements. All we know, investing in rental property is a proven way to build wealth and generate passive income. However, for individuals who don’t have traditional, documented sources of income, such as a 9-to-5 job, entering the real estate market can be a daunting challenge. Thankfully, there’s a financial instrument designed to help such individuals achieve their investment dreams – the Debt-Service Coverage Ratio (DSCR) loan. This is a plan for a way to buy a rental property based on the property’s cash flow not based on your income or other assets.

In short, it is the ratio of a property’s annual gross income and its yearly mortgage debt, including principal, tax, house insurance and other expenses.

Here, I have tried to clear all your droughts and confusion related to the DSCR Loan.

Who Can Take a DSCR Loan?

DSCR loans are a lifeline for a wide range of individuals and investors who may not have the conventional income documentation required for traditional mortgages. Let’s look at some examples:

  1. Self-Employed Individuals: Entrepreneurs and freelancers often have fluctuating incomes that don’t fit the mould of a typical salaried worker. DSCR loans can help them invest in rental properties without the need for W-2 forms.
  2. Retirees: Retired individuals who live off their savings, investments, or pension funds may not have a regular paycheck. DSCR loans offer them an opportunity to enter the real estate market.
  3. Investors with Rental Income: Seasoned real estate investors who earn income from existing rental properties can use this income as collateral for a DSCR loan to expand their portfolio.

What Documents Do You Need to Qualify for a DSCR Loan?


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While DSCR loans are more lenient when it comes to income verification, you’ll still need to provide some documentation to support your application. Here are the key documents that lenders typically require:

  • Bank Statements: Lenders want to see your banking history to evaluate your financial stability and cash flow. Regular deposits and healthy account balances can strengthen your application.
  • DSCR Loan Application: A form with all the details of the borrower and the details of the rental property.
  • Rental Income Statements: If you already own rental properties, providing rental income statements can bolster your case. These documents show your ability to generate rental income from other properties.
  • Credit Check Authorization: You have to fill out a form for your credit check Authorization. By doing this you are authoring the lender to run a credit check and background report.
  • Lease Documents: If the property is a long-term rental and already occupied by tenants then you have to provide the lease documents.
  • Property Insurance: The property insurance is required to be provided, with the lender’s information included.
  • Renovation Documents: To use DSCR Loans for a quick cash-out refinance, documentation of all the renovation work is often required. These will typically include receipts, invoices, and work orders from the rehab work on the property.

This is the minimum document requirement to qualify for a DSCR loan. Lander or the bank may ask you for some additional documentation at the time of application. Qualification for an unconventional mortgage is usually far more difficult and time-consuming but for a DSCR loan, it is a straightforward process.

How Much Down Payment Do You Need to Get a DSCR Loan?

The down payment requirement for a DSCR loan varies depending on the lender and the specific terms of the loan. Generally, expect to make a down payment of 20% to 30% of the property’s purchase price. A larger down payment can improve your chances of loan approval and may secure more favourable


How to Buy Rental Property without Income on Papers Using DSCR Loan?

Now, let’s delve into the steps to purchase rental property without traditional income verification using a DSCR loan:

  1. Find a Lender: Start by identifying lenders experienced in DSCR loans or those who specialize in working with alternative income sources.
  2. Gather Documentation: Collect all the necessary documents mentioned earlier, such as bank statements, tax returns, and rental income statements.
  3. Prepare a Business Plan: Create a comprehensive business plan that outlines your investment strategy. Include details on the property’s expected rental income, expenses, and how you plan to manage it.
  4. Choose the Right Property: Select a rental property that aligns with your budget and investment goals. Consider factors like location, potential for rental income, and property condition.
  5. Apply for the DSCR Loan: Submit your loan application along with the required documentation to the lender. Be prepared to discuss your business plan and how you intend to make the investment profitable.
  6. Underwriting Process: During this phase, the lender will carefully assess your financial documents and evaluate the property’s income potential. They’ll calculate the Debt-Service Coverage Ratio (DSCR) to determine if you qualify for the loan.
  7. Closing: Once approved, you’ll proceed with the closing process. After signing the necessary documents and paying the down payment, you’ll become the owner of the rental property.

Formula to Calculate DSCR

To calculate DSCR there is a simple formula: The debt service coverage ratio formula is the annual gross rental income divided by the debt obligations of the property.


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DSCR = Annual Gross Rental Income / Debt Obligations

Let’s understand this formula with the real-world example of calculating DSCR.
To ascertain the developer’s capacity to borrow and repay their loan the lender will need to compute the DSCR.
The lender and the developer both state that annual net operating income will be $22,00,000 and $355,500, respectively. Given their operating income, the borrower can pay their debt payment more than six times over, or 6.18 times, according to the DSCR calculation.

DSCR= $22,00,000 / $355,500 = $6.188


What are the criteria for DSCR?

DSCR, short for Debt-Service Coverage Ratio, is a key metric used by lenders to evaluate your ability to cover the loan payments. A DSCR of 1.2 or higher is generally preferred, indicating that the property’s income can cover 120% of the loan payments.

Can Canadians get a DSCR loan?

Yes, Canadians can access DSCR loans, but the availability and terms may differ from those in other countries. It’s essential to work with a lender experienced in Canadian real estate and financial regulations.

Do DSCR loans show up on a credit report?

Yes, DSCR loans typically appear on your credit report, just like any other mortgage or loan. Timely payments can positively impact your credit score.

Can you cash out on a DSCR loan?

Cashing out on a DSCR loan means refinancing the property to access its equity. Whether you can do this depends on the lender’s policies and the amount of equity you have in the property. It’s important to discuss this option with your lender.

Can I get a DSCR loan with no down payment?

While it’s rare to find DSCR loans with no down payment, some lenders may offer more flexible terms. However, be prepared to provide a down payment, as it can improve your chances of loan approval and secure more favourable terms.

DSCR loans offer a valuable pathway for individuals without traditional income sources to invest in rental property and build wealth. By understanding the requirements, gathering the necessary documentation, and following the steps outlined in this guide, you can harness the power of DSCR loans to achieve your real estate investment goals. If you have more questions or need further assistance, consider consulting with a financial advisor or a lender experienced in DSCR loans to help you navigate this unique financing opportunity.

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